Law of Tort Essay


Occupiers' liability generally refers to the duty owed by simply land keepers to those who arrive onto all their land. Yet , the duty made on terrain owners can extend beyond simple land control and in a lot of instances the landowners might transfer the work to others, hence the term occupier rather than owner. The term occupier itself is misleading seeing that physical occupation is not required for liability to arise. Occupiers' liability just might be a distinct type of negligence in that there must be a duty of care and break of work, causing harm. The rules of remoteness affect occupiers liability in the very same way that they apply to neglectfulness claims. The liability can arise on occupiers for absences since their particular relationship gives rise to duty to take action to ensure the fair safety of visitors. What the law states relating to occupiers' liability originated in common law but is actually contained in two major bits of legislation: �

Occupiers Liability Work 1957� -- which imposes an obligation on occupiers with regard to 'lawful visitors' Occupiers Liability Act 1984 - which will imposes responsibility on occupiers with regard to folks other than 'his visitors'. �

Different levels of protection are required under the two pieces of guidelines with a a higher level00 protection provided to legitimate visitors. NB: Lawful tourists are payable the duty decide in the 1957 Act; non-lawful visitors will be owed the duty set out in the 1984 Action. It is for the claimant to prove that he is a lawful visitor and therefore eligible for the more good duties in the earlier Act  �

4. 1 Occupiers( who will be an occupier)

At common law (and under the law occupation is dependent on control but not necessarily on any title to or perhaps property interest in the terrain. Both the Occupiers Liability Functions of 1957 and 1984 impose an obligation about occupiers rather than land owners. The question of whether or not a particular person can be an occupier is a question of fact and depends on the amount of control exercised. The test used is one among 'occupational control' and there may be more than one occupier of the same areas:  �

In Wheat versus E Lacon & Co Ltd [1966] AC 522- House of Lords

The claimant and her family stayed at a general public house, The Golfer's Arms in Wonderful Yarmouth, for a travel. Unfortunately her husband perished when he dropped down the stairways and struck his mind. The stairs were steep and narrow. The handrail ceased two methods from the bottom of the stairs and there was simply no bulb inside the light. The claimant brought an action within the Occupiers Legal responsibility Act 1957 against the Brewery company, Lacon, which owned the freehold of The Golfer's Arms and against the Managers of the Pub, Mr. & Mrs. Richardson, who occupied the club as a licensee.

Held: Both the Richardson's and Lacon were occupiers for the functions of the Occupiers Liability Action 1957 and so both payable the common duty of treatment. It is possible to obtain more than one occupier. The question of whether or not a particular person can be an occupier under the Act is whether they have occupational control. Lacon got only awarded a license to the Richardson's and had retained the right to repair which in turn gave these people a sufficient degree of control. There is not any requirement of physical occupation. However , it was located that Lacon was not in breach of duty considering that the provision of sunshine bulbs would have been portion of the day to day supervision duties with the Richardson's. Because the Richardson's weren't party to the appeal the claimant's actions failed.

God Denning: " wherever an individual has a sufficient degree of control over building that he ought to recognize that any inability on his portion to use treatment may result in injury to a person coming lawfully right now there, then he's an " occupier " and the person coming lawfully there is his " visitor ": as well as the " occupier " is usually under a work to his " visitor " to use reasonable care. In order to be a great " occupier " it is not necessary for a person to obtain entire control of the property. He will not need to have unique...