The Period of Enlightenment
Following 300 years of passivity under Spanish secret, the Philippine spirit reawakened when the a few priests Gomez, Burgos and Zamora had been guillotined devoid of sufficient proof of guilt. This kind of occurred within the 17th of February. This is buttressed with all the spirit of liberalism when the Philippines opened to community trade and with the coming of a liberal innovator in the person of Chief excutive Carlos Helen de la Torre. The Spaniards were unable to suppress the tide of rebellion among the Filipinos. The once religious spirit altered itself into one of nationalism and the Filipinos demanded changes in the government and in the chapel.
A. The Propaganda Motion (1872-1896)
This motion was spearheaded mostly by intellectual middle-class like Jose Rizal, Marcelo del Base, Graciano Lopez Jaena, Antonio Luna, Mariano Ponce, Jose Ma. Panganiban, and Pedro Paterno. The objectives with this movement were to seek reforms and improvements like the next: 1 . To get the same treatment for the Filipinos and the Spaniards under the legislation. 2 . To help make the Philippines a colony to Spain.
three or more. To restore Philippine representation inside the Spanish Educado. 4. To Filipinize the parishes.
five. To give the Filipinos freedom of speech, in the press, assemblage and for redress of grievances.
B. Highlights of the Promozione Movement
DR . JOSE P. RIZAL – Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado Alonzo y Realonda was born in June nineteen, 1861 in Calamba, Supresion. He perished by musketry in the hands of the Spaniards on December 30, 1896 on costs of sedition and rebellion against the Spaniards. His pen-name was Laong Laan and Dimasalang. His books and writings:
1 . NOLI ME TOCCARE – this is the book that provided spirit for the propaganda movements and opened the way to the revolution against the Spaniards. 2 . UN FILIBUSTERISMO – this is the follow up to the NOLI. Is subjected those in government in addition to the cathedral. 3. MI ULTIMO ADIOS (My Previous Farewell) – this was a poem of Rizal when he was incarcerated at Fortification Santiago. some. SOBRE LA INDOLENCIA DE LOS FILIPINOS (On the Somnolence of the Filipinos) – a great essay within the so-called Philippine indolence. 5. FILIPINAS NO MEIO DE CIEN AÑOS (The Philippines within a Century) – a great essay forecasting the elevating influence of the US in the Philippines as well as the decreasing fascination of The european countries here. 6. A LA MOCEDAD FILIPINA (To the Filipino Youth) – a composition dedicated to the Filipino youth studying at UST. 7. UN COSEJO DE LOS DIOSES (The council of the Gods) – allegorical enjoy manifesting admiration for Cervantes. almost 8. JUNTO 'S PASIG (Beside the Pasig River) – written by Rizal when he was 14 years old. 9. ME PIDEN RABLE (You said for Verses): 1882 and A TODAS LAS FLORES PARA HEIDELBERG (To the Plants of Heidelberg) – two poems realizing Rizal's interesting depth of emotion. 10. NOTAS A LA OBRA SUCESOS SOBRE LAS FILIPINAS FOR EL DR . ANTONIO DE MORGA (Notes on the Philippine Incidents by Dr . Antonio de Morga): 1889 11. P. JACINTO: MEMORIAS DE UN ESTUDIANTE DE MANILA (P. Jacinto: Memoirs of a College student of Manila) 1882. 12. DIARIO DE VIAJE PARA NORTE AMERICA (Diary of the Voyage to North America)
MARCELO L. DEL PILAR – is popularly known for his coop name of Plaridel, Pupdoh, Piping Dilat and Dolores Manapat. Having been born for Cupang, San Nicolas, Bulacan on September 30, 1850.
Writings of Marcelo H. Del Pilar:
1 . PAGIBIG SA TINUBUANG LUPA: (Love of Country)
2 . KAIINGAT KAYO (Be Careful)
3. DASALAN AT TOCSOHAN (Prayers and Jokes)
4. ANG CADAQUILAAN NG DIOS (God's Goodness)
5. SAGOT SA ESPANYA SA HIBIK NG PILIPINAS (Answer to Spain on the Plea in the Filipinos) six. DUPLUHAN… DALIT.. MGA BUGTONG: (A poetical contest in narrative series, psalms, riddles) 7. LA SOBERANIA SOBRE PILIPINAS (Sovereignty in the Philippines) 8. DURANTE TELEFONO (By Telephone)
9. PASIONG DAPAT IPAG-ALAB NG PUSO NG TAONG BABASA (Passion that should arouse the minds of the readers)
GRACIANO LOPEZ JAENA...