20.08.2019
 Hague Guideline Research Paper

THE HAMBURG RULES: DID IT INCREASE THE LIABILITY OF THE

CARRIER?

BY SIMPLY

KWEKU GYAN AINUSON

(Under The Path of Professor Gabriel Wilner)

ABSTRACT

The Convention for the Carriage of Goods by Sea (Hamburg rules) was expected to provide a standard modern commercial code for the international carriage of products by marine. However , after 26 years after the diplomatic conference and nearly 13 years after it came into force, the guidelines have not been ratified by the world's major maritime powers. The main contention of the ocean going powers is that, the Venedig des nordens (umgangssprachlich) rules include increased the liability of the carrier to not bearable levels. The vast majority of world maritime powers have got thus, continued to use the prior rules which includes adopting a hybrid of the previous and the existing one.

My thesis is as a result to assess the extent where the Freie und hansestadt hamburg rules have got increased liability of the company. The focus will probably be on producing a comparison involving the Hamburg rules and the earlier Hague rules, specifically within the provisions from the definition of the carrier, carrier's period of responsibility, carrier's obligation and the carrier's general legal responsibility.

INDEX TERMS:

Carrier Legal responsibility, Definition of carrier, Carriage of products by Marine, Period of responsibility, Obligation of Carrier, Nautical fault, Administration of Boat, Fire on-ship, Salvage at Sea,

Foreign law, Sea Transportation,

Intercontinental Maritime Rules, Hamburg rules, Hague guidelines, HagueVisby guidelines,

THE HAMBURG RULES: DID IT CHANGE THE LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY OF THE

COMPANY?

By

KWEKU GYAN AINUSON

Bachelor of Laws, (LLB) University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana, 2001 Barrister of Law, Ghana School of Law, Accra, Ghana, 2002

A Thesis Submitted towards the Graduate Faculty of the University or college of Atlanta in Incomplete Fulfillment of the Requirements to get the Degree:

EXPERT OF LEGISLATION

ATHENS, GEORGIA

2006

C 2006

KWEKU GYAN AINUSON

All Legal rights Reserved

THE HAMBURG RULES: DID IT CHANGE THE LIABILITY FROM THE

CARRIER?

By simply

KWEKU GYAN AINUSON

Significant Professor: Gabriel Wilner

Second Reader: Daniel Bodansky

Digital Version Approved:

Maureen Ricco

Dean from the Graduate School

The School of Georgia

May 2006

DEDICATION

This kind of work is dedicated to the almighty Our god who has recently been my life extended helper, to my parents intended for providing for any my needs and also to Mamle for all those her support.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

My sincere gratitude to Professor Wilner for his guidance and encouragement during my LLM program. I am likewise grateful to Professor Bodansky who opted for be my personal second visitor and for all of the invaluable ideas that he offered myself.

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STAND OF CONTENT MATERIAL

Acknowledgment -------------------------------------------------------------------V Chapter 1------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 A. Introduction-----------------------------------------------------------------------1 B. The foundation of The Freie und hansestadt hamburg Rules-------------------------------------------- some Chapter 2----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 13 A. The Carrier------------------------------------------------------------------------13 B. The duty of the Carrier---------------------------------------------------24 Chapter 3------------------------------------------------------------------------------27 A. Legal responsibility of the Carrier-----------------------------------------------------------27 B. Evaluation Between The Hague Rules and The Hamburg Rules---------34 Chapter 4------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 48 A. Issues Against Ratification------------------------------------------------------ forty eight Chapter 5-------------------------------------------------------------------------------53 A. The continuing future of The Venedig des nordens (umgangssprachlich) Rules----------------------------------------------53 Conclusion------------------------------------------------------------------------------59...

Bibliography: William Tetley, The Proposed New United States Senate COGSA: The Disintegration of Uniform

International Buggy of Goods simply by Sea Legislation, 30 JMARLC 595 (1999); Joseph Sweeney, The Prism of

COGSA, 30 JMARLC 543 at 546 (1999); Paul Myburgh, Uniformity or Unilateralism in the Law of

Carriage of products by Sea, 31 Vic

and the Multimodal Transport Tradition. UNCTAD, New york city, (1991), Electronic. 91. 2. D. almost eight

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Discover Protocol Amending the Intercontinental Convention pertaining to the Concentration of Particular Rules of Law Relating

to Charges of Lading, 1968, 1412 U. In. T. S i9000, 23643(hereinafter the Hague-Visby rules)

(1993)

eleven

See The Carriage of Goods by simply Water Act, S. C (1993), Can. Y. M. INT'L T. (2001).

13

See The Maritime Transport Committee's Annual Report (1999) available at

See India Cen. Serves, Carriage of products by Marine Act, (1925)

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