Using Technology and Constituting Structures: A Practice Zoom lens for Learning Technology in Organizations Author(s): Wanda J. Orlikowski Resource: Organization Technology, Vol. 14, No . some (Jul. -- Aug., 2000), pp. 404-428 Published by simply: INFORMS Secure URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2640412. Accessed: 25/03/2013 09: 57 Your use of the JSTOR archive signifies your popularity of the Terms & Conditions of Use, offered at. http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp
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Wanda J. Orlikowski
Sloan School of Management, Ma Institute of Technology, 50 Memorial Drive, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, [email protected] edu
Big t his essay advancesthe perspective thatstructuresare certainly not locatedin organizationsor in technology, but are enactedby users. It gives a smooth view of structure buildson and extendsearlierworkon that structuration.
While both systems and organizationsundergo dramatic are changes in form and function, organizational researchers and to increasingly turning conceptsof development, emergence, improv help explainthe new ways of organizing to and employing technologyevident in practice. With a similarintent, I proposean extensionto the structurational point of view techon nology thatdevelopsa practicelens to examinehow people, as they interact with a technologyin theirongoingpractices, enact set ups which shapetheiremergentand situateduse of that technology. Looking at the use of technologyas a processof enof role actment enablesa deeperunderstanding the constitutive of social practicesin the ongoinguse and changeof technologies at work. After developingthis lens, I actually offer a great exampleof their use in study, and then recommend some implicationsfor the studyof technologyin agencies. (Information Technology; Organization; Structuration Theory; WorkPractices)
Technology-and their relationship to organizational constructions, processes, and outcomes-has for ages been of interest to organizational experts. Over the years, distinct research views on technology have developed in parallel with research views on organizations-for example, backup theory (Woodward 1965, Galbraith 1977, Carter 1984, Silly and Lengel 1986), tactical choice versions (Child 72, Buchanan and Boddy 1983, Davis and Taylor 1986, Zuboff 1988), Marxist studies
(Braverman mid 1970s, Edwards lates 1970s, Shaiken 1985, Perrolle 1986), symbolic interactionist approaches (Kling 1991, Prasad 1993), transaction-cost economics (Malone et al. 1987, Ciborra 1993); network analyses (Barley 1990, Burkhardtand Brass 1990, Rice and Aydin 1991), practice hypotheses (Suchman 1987, Button 93, Hutchins 1995, Orr 1996), and structurational models (Barley 1986, Orlikowski 1992, DeSanctis and Poole 1994). l Today, equally technologies and organizations happen to be undergoing dramatic changes in form and function, and new and unprecedentedforms and functions have grown to be evident. In response, organizational researchershave applied symbole of creativity, learning, and improvisation to account for this kind of dynamic and emerging patterns of organising (Brown and Duguid 1991, Weick 1993, Hutchins 1991, Brown and Eisenhardt 97, Hedberg ain al. 1997, Barrett 1998, Hatch 98, Lant 1999). Similarly, researchers of technology have...
Recommendations: Accepted by simply M. Scott Poole; received February eight, 1999. This kind of paper has become with the creator for one modification.